The Shapter group explores ways to make novel nanomaterials and then apply them in areas such as photovoltaics, catalysts or sensors.

​Our group is working generally in the area of nanomaterials using various techniques to make new materials, make materials more efficiently and to combine these materials to enhance properties.  With these materials in hand, our team works to incorporate them into a variety of devices or applications.  We have made solar cells with various architectures including dye-sensitised cells, CNT-Si cells and perovskite cell.  Our materials have also been used to make electrochemical sensors as well as electrodes for photocatalysis.

Joe Shapter obtained his Ph. D. from the University of Toronto in 1990 working with Prof. J. C. Polanyi on the detection of small molecules and the determination of their energies.  From 1990 to 1996, he worked at the University of Western Ontario (London, Ontario) building a scanning tunnelling microscope and lecturing first year chemistry.  In 1996, he moved to Flinders, became Professor of Nanotechnology, and was Dean of the School of Chemical and Physical Sciences until the end of 2016.  He was the founding Director of the Defence Science and Technology Organisation (DSTO) funded Centre of Expertise in Energetic Materials (CEEM) and was the Director of the South Australian node of the Australian Microscopy and Microanalysis Facility (AMMRF).   In 2018, Prof. Shapter moved to UQ to take up the role of Pro Vice Chancellor (Research Infrastructure).

Industry Engagement

​Dyesol working on Counter Electrodes in Perovskite Cells

Australian Wine Research Instutue working on Sulphite Sensors


​Prof. Mike Ford, UTS

Prof. David Winkler, LaTrobe,

Prof. Shashank Priya, Penn State

Prof. Rod Ruoff, UNIST, Korea

Prof. Shizhang Qiao, University of Adelaide

Key Publications

​Munkhbayar Batmunkh, Aabhash Shrestha, Munkhjargal Bat-Erdene, Md. Julker Nine, Cameron James Shearer, Christopher Gibson, Ashley Slattery, Sherif Tawfik, Michael Ford, Sheng Dai, Shizhang Qiao and Joseph George Shapter ""Electrocatalytic Activity of 2D Phosphorene Based Heteroelectrocatalyst for Photoelectrochemical Cells" Angewandte Chemie (accepted January 17, 2018). 

Munkhjargal Bat-Erdene, Munkhbayar Batmunkh, Sherif Abdulkader Tawfik, Marco Fronzi, Michael J. Ford, Cameron J. Shearer, LePing Yu, Mahnaz Dadkhah, Jason R. Gascooke, Christopher T. Gibson and Joseph G. Shapter "Efficiency Enhancement of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotube-Silicon Heterojunction Solar Cells Using Microwave-Exfoliated Few-Layer Black Phosphorus" Advanced Functional Materials 27 1704488 (2017)

Munkhbayar Batmunkh, Munkhjargal Bat-Erdene, and Joseph G. Shapter “Black Phosphorus: Synthesis and Application for Solar Cells” Advanced Energy Materials 8 1701832 (2018)

Aabhash Shrestha, Munkhbayar Batmunkh, Cameron J. Shearer, Yanting Yin, Gunther G. Andersson, Joseph G. Shapter, Shizhang Qiao and Sheng Dai "Nitrogen-doped CNx/CNTs Hetero-Electrocatalysts for Highly Efficient Dye-sensitized Solar Cells" Advanced Energy Materials 7 1602276 (2017)

LePing Yu, Cameron Shearer and Joseph Shapter "Recent Development of Carbon Nanotube Transparent Conductive Films" Chemical Reviews 116 13413−13453 (2016).

Full list of publications available on espace


Total Grant Funding (2005-2017): $ 23.7 M

More Information

Funding Body Funding Scheme Funding Period Investigators Project Title Funded Amount
Australian Research Council Discovery 2016-2018 Shapter, Ford, Winkler and Ruoff Designing and Building Novel 2D Hybrid Materials $ 484,804
Australian Research Council Discovery 2015-2017 Shapter, Andersson, Kloo Novel Tunable Nanostructured Electrodes $ 409,300
Australian Research Council Discovery 2011-2013 Shapter, Miners, McArthur Nanoscale Characterisation of the Dynamics of Artificial Lipid Membranes - Model Systems for Drug Binding Studies $ 340,000
Australian Research Council Discovery 2009-2011 Ellis, Voelcker, Shapter Multifunctional Mixed Matrix Membranes Incorporating Aligned Carbon Nanotubes $ 330,000
Australian Research Council Discovery 2005-2008 Shapter, Johnston, Waclawik Development of an Adjustable Porphyrin-Based Molecular Platform for Nanotechnology Applications $ 210,000
Australian Research Council Discovery 2005-2008

Langford, Ghiggino, Shapter, Hupp


Porphyrin-Based Supramolecular Assemblies And Arrays II: Model Systems for the Construction of

Photosynthetic Mimics And Devices

$ 410,000
Australian Research Council LIEF 2016 Andersson, Jiang, Setterlund, Boyer, Altarawneh, Shapter,  Stenzel, Lewis, Kowalczyk Equipment for Advanced Surface Analysis: Measuring High Resolution Concentration Depth profiles and Unoccupied Electronic States $ 1,000,000
Australian Research Council LIEF 2015 Losic, Shapter, Nann, Abbott, Nyden, Skinner, Ellis, Ebendorff-Heidepriem, Quinton, Santos, Koeper, Xie Advanced Capabilities for Surface Engineering and Nanolithography $ 500,000
Australian Research Council LIEF 2014 Pring, Shapter, Qiao, Raston, Lewis, Kennedy, Nann, Ellis, Cook, Ebendorff-Heidepriem An Advanced Electron Microscope Facility for Nanomaterials, Functional Materials and Minerals $ 3,350,000
Australian Research Council LIEF 2013 Qiao, Doonan, Chittleborough,  Biggs, Bedrikovetski, Shapter, Zhang, Dlugogorski, Kennedy Materials Characterisation Facility for a Sustainable Future $ 620,000
Australian Research Council LIEF 2013 Quinton, Biggs, Skinner, Shapter, Beattie, Andersson, Pring,  Harmer-Bassell, Lenehan, Qiao Scanning Auger Microscope Facility for Elemental Imaging And Characterisation of Surfaces and Interfaces $ 1,100,000
Australian Research Council LIEF 2010 Motta, Bell, Shapter, Quinton, Drennan, Waclawik, Wang, Oloyede, Dobson, Bostrom, De Crescenzi, Gray Ultra High Vacuum Scanning Probe Microscope Facility $ 800,000
Australian Research Council LIEF 2008

Griesser, Shapter, Brugger, Simon, Pring


Surface Spectroscopic and Microstructure Analysis $ 696,093
Australian Research Council LIEF 2007

Matisons, Lin, Kong, Shapter, Clarke


Specialist Analysis Facility for the Development of New Nanotechnologies $ 157,004
Australian Research Council LIEF 2006 Abbott, Mickan, Al-Sarawi, Nathan, Alwahabi, Behrenbruch, Munch, Buntine, Metha, Tester, Langridge, Saint, Wallace, Booker, Findlay, Sage, Shapter, Griesser, Majewski, Gerson, Bilek, Middelberg, Rubinsztein-Dunlop, Cooper-White, Davies, Walter, Weste, Town, Marshall, Lamb, Maddess, Ramer, Lewis, Zhang, McNaughton, Wood, Morsi, Luiten, Alameh, Harrison, Tucker, Waterhouse, Nugent A National T-Ray Facility $ 864,610
Australian Research Council Linkage 2016-2019 Ellis, Shapter, Lawrance,  Dicinoski, Subramanian, Cain Printable Technologies for High Security Documents and Consumer Products $ 300,000
Australian Research Council Linkage 2011-2014 Reith, Brugger, Shapter, Lenehan, Pring, Radford, Griffiths, Wakelin, Grass, Nies Development of Biosensors and Bioindicators for Gold Exploration and Processing in Australia $ 430,000
Australian Research Council Linkage 2011-2013 Losic, Priest, Wang, Shapter Microchip Impedance Biosensor for Biomedical Diagnostics $ 119,000
Australian Research Council Linkage 2010-2013 Voelcker, Short, Shapter, Zou, Ellis, Fabretto, van Leeuwen, Chow, Drikas Materials Engineering Solutions for Tomorrow's Water Resources $ 896,251
Australian Research Council Linkage 2008-2011

Voelcker, Shapter, Reynolds, Nicholls


Development of an Implantable Device to Monitor Lactate Levels in Blood: Monitoring the Performance of Australian Athletes Using Biosensor Technology $ 220,000
Australian Research Council Linkage International 2008 Voelcker, Arce, Shapter, Lal, Losic, Cunin, Sanz Combining the Soft with the Hard: The Assembly of Artificial Cell Membranes on Porous Semiconductors $ 110,000
Australian Research Council Research Networks 2007-2011 Jagadish, Faraone, Micolich, Mulvaney, Williams, Luther-Davies, Elliman, Tan, Simmons, Clark, Dzurak, Hamilton, Gal, Stampfl, Phillips, Kane, Withford, Jamieson, Jesson, Riley, Singh, Usher, Turney, Grant, Parish, Savvides, Lu, Zou, Dimitrijev, Lewis, Meredith, Sood, Raston, Dell, Majewski, Dastoor, Eggleton, McCallum, Cameron, Cortie, Shapter, Ringer, Gu, Nicolau, Hariz, Horn, Parkinson, Rubinsztein-Dunlop, Saunders, Voelcker Australian Nanotechnology Network $ 1,900,000
Dyesol   2017 Shapter, Raston, Milliken Counter Electrodes in Perovskite Cells $ 10,000
IRU-MRUN Collaborative Research Programme   2016-2018 Shapter, Salleh and Umar Building Surface Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy (SERS) Based Biosensors $ 57,000
King Saud University Research Grant   2014-2015 Shapter and Altoman Novel Nanotube Solar Cells $ 34,000
Researcher in Business Scheme   2014 Shapter, Lewis, Tune Innovations in Lead Acid Batteries $ 100,000
CSIRO Cluster Grant   2011-2014 Burn, Lewis, Smith, Meredith, Shapter, Andersson, Quinton Transparent Electrodes for Flexible Electronics $ 2,760,000
CSIRO Cluster Grant   2010-2013 Gooding, Zhao, Bakker, De Marco, Friend, Shapter, Pigram Sensors Systems for Analysis of Aquatic Environments $ 3,300,000
Grape Wine Research And Development Corporation   2011-2012 Shapter and Smith Rapid Measurement of Sulphur Dioxide in the Winery $ 110,000
National Institute of Forensic Science (NIFS)   2008-2009 Shapter Development of a New Sensor for Peroxide Based Explosives $ 120,000
Office of Learning and Teaching (OLT) National Teaching Fellowship 2014-2015 Shapter Developing Tailored Study Plans for the New Higher Education Environment $ 90,000
Department of Education and Training The Smart Science Initiative 2013-2014 Oliver, Westwell, Shapter and Imrie Development of Gaming Platforms $ 1,700,000
Office of Learning and Teaching (OLT) Project Grants 2011-2012 Cribb, Shapter, White, Monroe, Muhling, Monroe A National Approach to Enhanced Education for Characterisation Technologies Through Modular, Blended Learning $ 219,000